The course explores political, social, and cultural dimensions of various nationalities in the Soviet Union. It addresses the issues of creating new and reshaping old national identities under the early Soviet regime. The course also discusses the peculiarities of the interwar nationality politics such as the establishment of new languages, national schools, and cultural practices. Finally, the course deals with political and economic problems resulting from the Soviet nationality politics, such as changing of borders, ethnic conflicts, and environmental changes. As an outcome, students will develop critical understanding of the complexity of the nationality issue in different parts of the Soviet Union. They will get a deeper sense of the early history of the Soviet Union and familiarize themselves with the legacy of the Soviet heritage in Central Asia.